How to Obtain the Right Bet365 Casino

May 15, 2021 0 Comments

Among the hottest and most popular ways to earn money on the internet at home is via a Bet365 casino. The one issue is that most people do not know where to begin looking for it. It can be very tricky to get started so here are some of the tips and tricks I have found to assist you discover the appropriate website for you.

First, look up how the Bet365 casinos have been rated in the various search engines. There are some really good websites that rank them very well so you will want to use one ofthese to discover the best location to play.

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It is well worth paying just a little bit of attention to the reviews on these websites. These are usually done by actual customers and they have to share their experiences. Individuals who enjoy the website frequently share how much fun they had playing, what it was like winning and losing, the casino bonus,the bonuses offered to you, and if they appreciated the casino generally. These testimonials are a great place to begin if you’re new to a casino. You can also read about their payment procedures and customer service.

If you’re looking for a casino that has a large variety of games, then take a look at those too. A number of them will even offer free trials so you can test them out on your own. This way you can see which ones are the easiest to learn.

Be sure you know which of those games you prefer the finest before you combine a Bet365 casino. Some of the top games are Blackjack, Online Slot Machines, Video Poker, Baccarat, Omaha and Slots. If you’re a novice then you may want to stick with the fundamentals and learn the fundamental techniques. It is usually advisable that you do this at the free trial period before moving on to the paid websites. The fundamental game ought to be sufficient to get you started.

As soon as you have found a couple of good reviews about every casino and you think you’ve an opportunity of being successful, then it’s time to register and begin playing. Be sure you don’t spend too long registering for any game and that you only play at the websites that you enjoy.

Another important thing to remember is to play inas many sessions as possible. Play [dcl=8085] regularly so you will keep your skill level high and this means you won’t stop after a couple of hours.

When you perform, never forget to bet with your mind first. Do not allow your emotions take over, or you will probably loose more than you win. Also make sure you are always ready to play with a round of poker to raise your bankroll and also to play for longer periods of time.

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Are THC Gummies as Good As People Say They Are?

May 3, 2021 0 Comments

Are THC Gummies as Good As People Say They Are?

Whether you’re a medical cannabis client in Florida or not, you might have heard of a new cannabis item making waves Delta-8 THC. delta 8 gummies reddit. Ok, Delta-8 THC isn’t new to researchers, but it is to the medical marijuana community – delta 8 gummies review reddit. If you’re searching for a psychedelic experience without the fear and all of the healing benefits of marijuana Delta-8 THC may be what you have actually been awaiting. delta 8 thc gummies.

Remember, Delta-8 THC is discovered in little quantities in marijuana flowers – best delta 8 gummies. For that reason, it requires a lot of beginning product to extract a large amount hence the high price. delta 8 gummies 1000mg. However, as formerly pointed out, Delta-8 THC is very efficient even in small doses. Therefore, we recommend that you explore low total up to find the best dosage – delta 8 gummies delta 8 products review reddit.

Delta-9-THC is the main psychoactive part of marijuana, however it’s just one of the hundreds of compounds discovered in the plant. One of those compounds may be poised to challenge THC’s supremacy. This time, it’s not CBD. It’s a derivative of THC itself, called. The distinction between Delta-9-THC (the THC most individuals are familiar with) and Delta-8-THC is little.

He’s likewise on the board of the advocacy group, Physicians for Marijuana Regulation. best delta 8 gummies. He informs Inverse that Delta-8-THC does have “vast” capacity, as do a lot of the less-famous cannabinoids – delta 8 thc gummies. “I’m really thrilled to see what we develop when we begin reproducing up, in examining all these different cannabinoids,” he tells Inverse.

Side effects like irritation and “small bliss” were only seen in two children. delta 8 gummies near me. The authors noted that in children “bliss” is hard to measure.

Excitement About Delta 8 Thc Gummies Review

He adds that, based on client experiences, this derivative “appears to be sort of more energetic and less sedating,” also has prospective as a cravings suppressant. “What we do see about it are little keys to its huge capacity, however we don’t really know because there haven’t been that lots of research studies,” Grinspoon states. 

” Even less so with Delta-8-THC.” In the meantime, it’s too early to validate that Delta-8-THC can deliver on the guarantees that the cannabis market might be expecting. Grinspoon in particular cautions that it’s likely not going to be a cure-all, a reputation that CBD has actually gotten as hype outmatches science (delta 8 thc gummies). Its legality on a federal, in turn, is ambiguous; in August the DEA proposed that derivatives of tetrahydrocannabinol be categorized as schedule 1 regulated compounds however that judgment isn’t finalized yet – delta 8 gummies effects.” I think I hope that with Delta-8-THC individuals stick to the science and don’t attempt to oversell it,” Grinspoon says. 

The only established way to verify a substance’s security profile is through clinical and randomized controlled trials (delta 8 cbd gummies). At the time of composing, reported a single THC-8 clinical trial, and there were no RCTs on Club, Med. It deserves keeping in mind that Pub, Med reported the clinical trial terminated prior to conclusion in 2009 CBN products.

There are varieties of cannabis hybrid plants that integrate wanted features of each of these subspecies. This has led to a myriad of marijuana pressures with special cannabinoid profiles based upon the growing conditions, along with selection and breeding. Marijuana ruderalis generally has extremely low quantities of THC (< 1%) however might be an excellent source of cannabidiol (CBD) extract.

20 Due to selective breeding, the concentration of THC in recreational marijuana seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has increased from approximately 3% in the 1980s to 13% in 2009. More just recently in medical cannabis dispensaries and leisure cannabis stores, the THC concentrations promoted range from the mid-teens to as high as 34% – best delta 8 gummies.

The Best Guide To Delta 8 Gummies

There are pressures with lower THC concentrations readily available, as well as “high CBD” stress with concentrations normally in the series of 5% to 15%. CBD is the 2nd most plentiful compound in marijuana after THC.11,20,25 It is believed to have larger medical applications than THC, which has fueled the need for medical marijuana and pharmaceuticals with higher CBD concentrations compared to leisure cannabis.

23,24 CBN, a metabolite of THC, is minimally psychoactive and found in only trace quantities in the plant. delta 8 cbd gummies. 33 8-THC is likewise minimally psychedelic and present at low concentrations. In addition to whole-leaf marijuana plants, there is another class of phytocannabinoids collectively described as cannabis-based medication extracts (CBME) – delta 8 gummies near me. These are derived by extracting compounds straight from marijuana plants (delta 8 gummies reddit).

Chuck Hughes Goes Over Options Trading

April 22, 2021 0 Comments

Chuck Hughes Shares Options trading.

For individuals who seek running their own enterprise and biding farewell to their regular job, installing a service online is one choice. Sure enough, you have actually currently heard about options trading. It is one of the most popular undertakings today since such venture promises better rewards to the financiers. What must you understand about it then? How can you turn yourself into a successful trader? What are the rules, strategies, and fundamentals that you must soak up? Exist other definite strategies that you have to embrace and utilize? https://apnews.com/press-release/marketersmedia/b06060e941d7d3146f5e9fd900d854c2 These are simply among the concerns that you ought to find answers to. Better yet, keep reading and comprehend a lot of information about this stylish resourceful endeavor.

Options Trading Simplified

As it goes, this kind of trading mention to an investor who is determined to trade a specific stock at a greater or lower cost within a defined time frame. The trader is then able to designate the high or low price. Modifications can hence be made in the rates specifically when the market proves to be unsteady. At the same time, higher rates can be designated when the market is seen to be succeeding. Considering that there is a targeted period of time for the expiration of the stocks, the financier is enabled to spend lavishly into opportunities that entertain flexibility especially in line with the predetermined outcomes of the market.

Take for example the following figures. In the United States of America, one choice describes about a hundred hidden shares. On the other hand in Australia, the single choice covers multiples of about a thousand of underlying shares. Considering that the trading is expected to be done within a short time period, there are higher possibilities of collecting huge returns. On the other hand, just as when the market is unsteady, the really nature of this trading also opens possibilities of larger loss.

Discussing the Nature of Trading

The options can either be sold groups of comparable stocks or in singles. Here is the catch. The trading of single stocks is able to really produce higher dangers of volatility because a single company may be pursued by a range of elements. On the other hand, by trading in groups, the volatility is removed. In the end, the group itself winds up being rewarded.

More than investing a specific amount of money and taking intelligent guesses concerning the status of the trading market, you are likewise needed to be knowledgeable about the rules and standards of trading. You need tools to help you out in identifying the existing market patterns. You have to be equipped with a strong set of standards that will certainly safeguard your investment. Even when there are materials that will reveal you how to do it, it still matters that you learn the ideologies by heart and perform them as you conclude the transactions.

Conclusion

More than ever, options trading is yet another rewarding opportunity that can enrich your financial standing. It is an occasion that enables the generation of earnings in line with the investment made. There are a number of techniques to apply so you ought to master it. Effort, perseverance, and lots of efforts are all you need to exercise. After all, this is an undertaking that requires your will to work.

 

The stigma of mental illness

March 15, 2021 0 Comments

Have you ever asked yourself what can you do in your daily life to improve your mental health? Believe it or not, this is a very important question to ask.

Our mental health is just as important as our physical health, but unfortunately, we seldom give it the importance and care it deserves. When our body gets sick, we do everything we can to feel better. We try home remedies. We go to the doctor and follow his/her instructions. We stay home and rest.

But when our mind is sick, we try to ignore it and carry on with our lives. We do this even though by not actually giving it the care it needs can only make it worse.

The stigma of mental illness

Mental illness has been a taboo for a very long time. Only recently have people began to speak up about it. However, there is still a stigma around these types of illnesses. Someone with a mental health issue might be scared that people will think of them as crazy, or faking it to get attention, or just weak.

Some people actually think these things about mental illnesses, mainly because they haven’t had access to any trustworthy information about mental health. And since we don’t know much about mental illnesses, we don’t know what we can do to prevent them.

That was my case. I struggled with alcohol and drug addiction ever since I was a teenager into my early adulthood. During my adolescence, I started suffering from anxiety and depression.

Since I didn’t know anything about mental health, I thought I was going crazy. I didn’t understand back then that there was a correlation between my substance abuse and my mental health. I came to realize this when I decided to get clean and my anxiety and depression went away.

I have been sober for nine years now and I have learned a lot about what drugs and alcohol can do to your mind and body.

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Here are 5 ways in which drugs and alcohol can affect your mental health.

How drugs affect your brain

The brain is the most complex of all body organs. It regulates and coordinates every single process in your body through a communication system in which neurons pass messages back and forth among different structures within your brain and other parts of your body.

Drugs interfere with the way neurons normally send, receive, and process information. Different parts of the brain are affected depending on the type of drug involved.

Though you might feel momentary pleasure from using drugs, sometimes the side effects can be permanent. Some of these effects include impaired learning and cognitive function, memory loss, lack of self-control, among others.

How alcohol affects your brain

Just like drugs, alcohol disrupts your brain’s communication system. While alcohol can initially make you feel energized, happy and inhibited, it actually works as a nervous system depressant. You can witness that when after a few drinks, you start having trouble coordinating your movements and speaking fluently.

Alcohol abuse has long-term effects on both your physical and mental health such as liver damage, cancer, cognitive impairment, memory loss, psychosis, anxiety, and depression.

How substances affect your memory

Sometimes when you drink too much, the next day, you have trouble remembering some parts of the night. People might even tell you what you said or did, and you still have no recollection whatsoever of these events.

These “blackouts”, as they are often referred to, are an indication that you are drinking too much. Though experiencing one doesn’t mean that your brain cells associated with memory are damaged, frequent heavy drinking can actually damage your memory cells permanently.

Relationship between substances and anxiety and depression

There is a two-way relationship between substance addiction and anxiety and depression. Substance abuse can triggers anxiety and depression. And, anxiety and depression can also lead to becoming addicted to drugs and alcohol.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, depression is an illness that causes feelings of deep sadness and loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy. If not treated, it can cause problems in your personal life, relationships, work, or school.

Anxiety is when you frequently have intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. These feelings are hard to control and out of proportion to the actual danger.

These illnesses can trigger substance consumption as a way of self-medication in an attempt to feel better. But, in reality, as soon as the effects of the substances pass, the person is usually left feeling bluer than before, which can lead them to consume again and eventually create a dependency.

Substances can cause stress

We often use alcohol, sometimes even drugs, to cope with the daily stress in our lives. While there is nothing wrong with having a glass of wine every once in a while after a long day, frequent alcohol and drug consumption as a way of dealing with stress can actually be counterproductive. Even if you feel relaxed for a couple of hours after using a substance, when the effect passes, you have to face the same stress again, which can lead you to use again, creating a vicious cycle.

Also, think about it, when you’re drunk or high, you tend to make bad decisions, such as maxing your credit card, getting involved with someone you shouldn’t have and ruining a relationship, getting into a physical fight, and so forth. As soon as the effects of the substance go away, you have to face these situations, which, obviously, will leave you feeling more stressed.

What can you do if drugs and alcohol are affecting your mental health?
Now that you know how drugs and alcohol can affect your mental health, the next step is to reflect on your habits regarding these substances. Maybe, even if you think you are consuming them responsibly, they might be actually affecting your mental health.

Even though everyone’s mind works differently, in my experience, eliminating these substances from my life made me feel better both physically and mentally. I hope this post can help you make the best decisions for your mental health from now on.

Recovery from Alcohol Addiction

March 15, 2021 0 Comments

Despite the fact that alcohol is a socially accepted legal drug, the over use of this substance can lead to alcoholism, leading to the same dire consequences as other forms of drug addiction.

People often drink alcohol during social functions, as drinking in moderation often helps individuals feel at ease. However, because alcohol affects brain function and loosens inhibitions, consuming too much alcohol can interfere with judgment, decision-making, and reflexes and lead to serious injury or even death. For example, in one evening of social drinking, an enjoyable time can cascade into a series of embarrassing and dangerous situations. Ultimately, alcohol addiction can be detrimental to a person’s long-term health, their relationships and livelihoods, and can negatively impact every facet of their lives.

Alcoholics fall into two main categories: problem drinkers who are alcohol dependent or those who are alcohol abusers, and they can sometimes be categorized as both.

Alcohol Dependence

Five percent of all those who consume alcohol can be considered alcohol dependent. Those who fall into this category are unable to stop drinking even if they want to. People who are dependent on alcohol lose control of their drinking, consistently drink more and for longer periods than intended, and have developed a high tolerance for alcohol. After a period without drinking, these people suffer from the physical symptoms of withdrawal syndrome and therefore continue drinking, regardless of how it affects their lives.

Many people who are alcohol dependent can hide it from their peers for years, continuing to function in a way that appears normal, as long as they have their required number of drinks each day. Without treatment, alcohol dependence can cause problems with friends and family, work, health, finances, and the law. Additionally, people who are drunk that insist on driving often become the cause of terrifying accidents where they are responsible for the loss of innocent lives.

Alcohol Abuse

Much like those who struggle with alcohol dependence, people whose drinking falls into the category of alcohol abuse are unable to control their use of the drug. However, for these addicts, drinking leads to the failure to fulfill responsibilities at work, home, or school, and they often put their own lives and those of others at risk.

Over time, excessive drinking can lead to serious health consequences, including liver damage, brain and nerve damage, high blood pressure and strokes, greater risk of heart disease, impotence, infertility, breast and throat cancer, and premature aging, among many other issues.
Alcohol is the most common cause of preventable birth defects, including fetal alcohol syndrome, which means the baby may have physical abnormalities, behavior problems, and other difficulties. Research shows that for pregnant women, there is no known safe level of alcohol consumption. A woman who drinks during pregnancy is more likely to have a miscarriage, to have the baby born too early, to have a stillbirth, or to experience other problems. Similarly, if a woman is breastfeeding, alcohol can be passed to her baby through breast milk. This may affect the baby’s feeding, sleep, and development.

Physiologically, our brains are hardwired to a reward circuitry that provides us with pleasure. We naturally repeat behaviors that give us the reward or pleasure we desire. If the effects of alcohol give us a feeling of confidence, or an increased sense of self-worth, we “logically” reach for another drink. Therefore, people who overindulge in intoxicants, such as alcohol, are searching for something that will make them feel better and whole.

The Road to Recovery

While alcohol addiction can lead to chronic diseases, it can be treated. Unfortunately, treatment is often complicated by denial and/or a lack of understanding about substance abuse. Successful recovery requires multiple forms of treatment, and individuals with this condition are prone to relapse. The first step on the road to recovery is recognition of the problem. The second is to seek help to stop drinking. Abruptly stopping alcohol use in a person who is dependent on alcohol can be dangerous. An alcoholic who needs to drink daily should stop his use of alcohol under the supervision of a physician and may need medication during the withdrawal process.

Long-term preventive treatment should begin after the addict recovers from immediate symptoms. Total and lifelong abstinence from drinking alcohol is recommended for most people who go through withdrawal. In addition, therapy and self-help groups provide support and help addicted individuals understand their behavior and motivations.

Here at the Chopra Addiction & Wellness Center we help people with addictive behaviors to “re-wire” their reward circuitry and create a new memory free from harmful cravings. Dr. Deepak Chopra says this re-wiring of the nervous system–-called neuroplasticity—enables the brain to reorganize itself so human beings can create new neural pathways through new experiences.

Under the guidance of the professional staff at the Center, emotional pain can be identified and experienced with safety and support not previously possible. This re-wiring can produce new, empowering, liberating experiences that do not need alcohol to bring about pleasure. New choices that nourish the mind, body, and spirit, can be revealed, thus bringing about healing and transformation.

The healing team at the Chopra Addiction & Wellness Center combines the latest breakthroughs in modern Western medicine with the healing arts of the East, thus offering the first truly holistic addition recovery method in North America. The goal of the Center’s holistic health care experts is to restore balance and wholeness in the lives of the people who seek help.

Guests at the Center have an opportunity to become free of the initial magnet that drew them to alcohol abuse and to discover the joy of a non-addicted life. Four-week and six-week residential programs offer intensive, personalized treatment to address the deeper issues at the root of addiction and help individuals identify and release stored emotional pain, destructive thought-patterns, and life-damaging beliefs. Such destructive behaviors are replaced with more nurturing, self-empowering behaviors and experiences that offer individuals a strong foundation of lasting recovery and help them build a balanced, addiction-free life.

Here at the Chopra Addiction & Wellness Center we are dedicated to assisting you or your loved one recover from alcoholism and other unhealthy patterns of behavior. If you need help or have any questions, please call us now at: 1 (312) 442-4498.

Aged and addicted: Senior drug and alcohol abuse on the Central Coast

March 15, 2021 0 Comments

At around 10:30 a.m. in a small room at the SLO County Veterans Memorial Building, Colin Quennell was telling a story.

The story was a personal one. Quennell, a licensed therapist and program supervisor for the SLO County Health Agency’s Drug and Alcohol Services Department, was talking about an elderly family member who fell on difficult times. He’d lost his spouse, and soon after, had to put his dog down as well. It wasn’t long, Quennell said, until the family member turned to alcohol to cope.

“At the age of 82, he just decided to drink himself to death,” Quennell said.

The story, which Quennell told in August as part of a presentation to the SLO County Commission on Aging, did have a happy ending. He said the family member eventually decided to get sober. Quennell used the example to illustrate an important aspect about alcohol and drug abuse.

“There’s no age limit for a person starting out getting clean and sober,” he said.

The types of people who suffer from substance abuse span far beyond the preconceived stereotypes of addicts gleaned from movies and television. In reality, it impacts individuals from a wide spectrum of family backgrounds, race, sex, and socioeconomic status. The same applies to age. In SLO and Santa Barbara counties, and even across the United States, seniors are struggling with substance abuse; some are longtime addicts who’ve been battling substance abuse for years, while others didn’t begin their battle with addiction until far later in life, turning to drugs and alcohol to combat loneliness, economic insecurity, or myriad other difficulties that come with aging.

Being a senior with a substance abuse problem comes with its own unique challenges and dangers. Addiction’s negative impacts on seniors’ health and well-being can be greatly exacerbated, and little research has been done on how best to treat that specific population. Still, the issue is unlikely to go away as the aging population grows and becomes increasingly populated by a generation whose attitudes about drug use are much different than the one before them.

A hidden problem

Individuals older than 65 who seek treatment for substance abuse issues through Santa Barbara County’s Alcohol and Drug Program are few and far between, according to Program Manager John Doyel. One major reason for that, he says, is that many individuals battling long-term addiction die before they reach that age.

“Many of the clients we work with are dealing with moderate to severe drug abuse or alcoholism,” he told New Times. “If they are homeless and have been dealing with an untreated addiction, they usually die in their early to mid-50s. Most of our clients range between their mid-20s to around 40 years old.”

The picture appears to be similar in SLO County. In his presentation to the commission, Quennell said that just 43 out of the “several thousand” clients who sought treatment through the county from January through August of 2018 were classified as seniors. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD), a nonprofit education and advocacy group, there are an estimated 2.5 million older adults living with alcohol or drug problems in the United States. That number is just 12.5 percent of the more than 20.1 million Americans who reported having a substance use disorder according to the most recent available data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

While they may not make up the majority of the country’s addicted population, the negative health effects of substance abuse on the senior population can be particularly devastating. The general physical effects of alcohol and drugs are debilitating for the elderly, and that’s on top of increased risks for harmful interactions with any medications they may be taking for medical conditions.

“You become more sensitive to [alcohol and drugs] as you get older,” Quennell said. “It can make health conditions worse.”

Substance abuse can also increase both the risk and severity of alcohol and drug related injuries according to Nancy Gottlieb, clinical director for the Santa Barbara branch of the Council on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse, which serves all of the Central Coast.

“[Being intoxicated] already puts you at risk for falling, and add to that the equilibrium or mobility problems, or bone loss that can come with aging, ” she told New Times. “For [seniors] falling and breaking a hip can be fatal.”

According to the NCADD, anywhere from 6 to 11 percent of elderly hospital admissions, and 14 percent of emergency room admissions for elderly patients, were the result of alcohol and drug problems.

At risk

Not only are older individuals likely to experience the negative effects of addiction more severely, but the mental, physical, and lifestyle changes of advanced aging could cause some of them to turn to heavy drug and alcohol use as a solution. According to Gottlieb, those changes can be as innocuous as transitioning from the working world to retirement.

“They’ve been very busy for a long time, then all of a sudden, they are not busy anymore,” she said. “So you might have a situation where someone was a heavy drinker but were functional because they had to go to work every day, then they retire and they don’t have that anymore.”

Recent research has raised concerns about an “epidemic of loneliness” among America’s seniors. A September 2018 survey released by the AARP foundation found that an estimated 35 percent of adults aged 45 and older are lonely. Santa Barbara County Drug Program Manager Doyel said that feelings of loneliness or social isolation might cause some seniors to turn to drugs or alcohol.

“If someone loses their spouse, they are more prone to depression, they could be at a higher risk for developing problems with drinking or substance abuse,” he said.

In addition to psychological factors, the physical impact of aging, particularly chronic pain, also puts older Americans at risk for abusing prescription drugs such as opioids. According to NCADD, while adults older than 65 make up just 13 percent of the population, they account for nearly 30 percent of all medication prescribed in the country.

“What you are looking at is a population that is taking a lot more medications,” Quennell said in his August presentation to the SLO County Commission on Aging. “As you begin to experience certain medical conditions, these medications may be the only thing you have.”

Boomers looming

While the number of seniors seeking treatment for drug and alcohol abuse on the Central Coast may be low now, there is a possibility that the number could rapidly increase in the coming years as the more than 63 million members of America’s baby boomer generation continue to age into the senior population.

Born between 1946 and 1964, aging boomers are expected to fuel a predicted swell in the U.S.’s senior population over the next 15 years. According to projections from the U.S. Census Bureau, boomers will be 65 or older by 2030, meaning 1 in 5 Americans will be retirement age. By 2035, the population that’s 65 and older is expected to be an estimated 78 million people. That growth will also necessitate the increase and expansion of a range of support and services across various sectors, including housing, health care, and addiction treatment.

It’s not just the sheer increase in numbers that will have an impact, but the generation’s cultural attitudes toward drug use, according to Quennell. Many boomers were adolescents or teenagers in the 1960s and 1970s when youth culture’s attitudes about drug use and experimentation became more relaxed and liberalized compared to the generations that came before them.

“The baby boomer generation has completely changed things,” Quennell said. “[They’re] coming into this senior world with more of a willingness to try drugs and other substances.”

That willingness will likely contribute to an increased use of illicit drugs by the aging population. A 2005 peer-reviewed study published in the Annals of Epidemiology predicted that illicit drug use by Americans older than 50 would increase from 1.6 million people in 1999 to 3.5 million people by 2020.

Seeking solutions

Despite the looming boomer wave and current acknowledgement by addiction advocates of the unique challenges surrounding the issue of senior alcohol and drug abuse, attempts to address them appear to be few and far between. Organizations like NCADD are concerned about the situation.

“Alcohol and drug problems, particularly prescription drug abuse, among older adults is one of the fastest growing health problems facing the country,” the organization’s website claims. “Yet, our awareness, understanding, and response to this health care problem is inadequate.”

Locally, neither SLO nor Santa Barbara counties’ drug and alcohol agencies have treatment or programs geared specifically to seniors. The few who do seek treatment through the two counties’ respective programs would receive the same treatment as any other addict of a younger age. During his presentation to the commission in SLO County, Quennell noted that there was no widely accepted senior protocol that was evidence-based. If such a protocol was available to counties like SLO and Santa Barbara, as well as other nongovernmental treatment organizations, it could provide a framework for a program specifically tailored to the needs of seniors.

“There’s no specialized treatment program,” he told the commission. “The kinds of services we would have for them would be the same for everybody.”

Still, Gottlieb from the Council on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse said that there were some changes that could help improve support and treatment for seniors addicted to or recovering from drug and alcohol addiction. One of those is encouraging primary care physicians to implement a special substance abuse screening protocol with their elderly patients. Known as Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment, the protocol provides doctors with a series of questions they can ask and, based on their age, sex, and responses, determine whether patients are suffering from a substance abuse disorder or at risk for developing one.

Gottlieb said the protocol works for patients of all ages, but said it could be particularly beneficial for seniors, who see their primary care doctors often and may not seek out substance abuse treatment on their own out of fear of being stigmatized.

“There’s a big percentage of people who will answer honestly and get help if you just ask,” she said. “So there’s been a real push to get primary care physicians to ask these kinds of questions.”

Gottlieb also said there should be more drug- and alcohol-free housing for sober seniors.

“Many senior communities and assisted living homes have events with alcohol, like wine tasting, or offer alcohol with meals and I’ve had clients in recovery who don’t want to move to places like that because their worried [about relapsing],” she said.

It’s not just doctors and institutions that can do more to help. Gottlieb said that it was important for recovering seniors to receive support from family, friends, the local community, and other social support systems to help them build and maintain a sober lifestyle.

In the end, while advocates, physicians, treatment specialists, and researchers continue to study the complex issue of senior substance abuse and seek answers, at least part of the battle may simply be bringing the little-discussed issue to the attention of the wider public, broadening and challenging common perceptions about who suffers from addiction and why.

“It is so important to let the public know that substance abuse occurs and touches almost everyone in some way or another,” Gottlieb said.

Substance abuse: Know the signs
Indications that a senior may be struggling with an addiction to drugs or alcohol may include:

• Solitary or secretive drinking

• Loss of interest in hobbies or pleasurable activities

• Drinking in spite of warning labels on prescription drugs

• Immediate and frequent use of tranquilizers

• Chronic unsupported health complaints

• Hostility or depression

• Memory loss and confusion